Navy


Navy
   (Tatmadaw Yay)
   One of the three services of the Tatmadaw, its commander in chief is a (three-star) lieutenant general. Unlike some of its neighbors in Southeast Asia, Burma does not have a strong maritime tradition. Yet its long coastline and many islands make it vulnerable to piracy and poaching of marine resources by foreign parties. After 1988, the Navy expanded significantly in terms of personnel (16,000 by 2000, compared to 7,000 in 1988), equipment, mostly acquired from abroad (including Chinese- and Yugoslavianmade coastal patrol boats), and coastal bases, some of which were reportedly modernized in the 1990s with Chinese assistance. It has responsibility for defending both coastal and riverine areas, and during times of emergency the civilian Merchant Marine can be placed under naval (or military) command. But compared to the Army, its political influence, budgets, and manpower remain severely limited.
   Navy regional commands are located at Rangoon (Yangon), Moulmein (Mawlamyine), Mergui (Myeik), Hainggyi Island, and Sittwe (Sittway).

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

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